... is an urgent need to study the screening of antimicrobial properties of herbs, which will be helpful in the treatment of several diseases caused by … It is native to Eastern South America, from Brazil, west to Peru, and south to southern Argentina. Proteins, for example, are long chains of amino acids (up to twenty different ones) joined together through peptide (—CO—NH—) links. The findings of the study suggested that Acetone and hydroalcoholic extract (50:50) of Bougainvillea glabra 'Snow White' was shown effective antioxidant activity. Richard Morris. Antimicrobial activity was done by disc diffusion method at a concentration of 500 μg/disc of the extract, using ofloxacin (5 μg/disc) as the standard. Antioxidant activity of defatted ethanolic extract of fruits of Ficus bengalensis was studied for its free radical scavenging property in different in vitro models as 1, 1-Diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH), nitric oxide, superoxide, hydroxyl radical and lipid peroxide radical model. However, when RSA was estimated it was found that stem aqueous extracts from Bougainvillea spectabilis produced more DPPH absorbance reduction (95.66%), with an IC 50 (the concentration to inhibit the oxidation of DPPH by 50%) and AP (reciprocal of IC 50) values of 0.03 μg/mL and 33.33, respectively. PubMed:Immunomodulation of RAW 264.7 murine macrophage functions and antioxidant activities of 11 plant extracts. The antidiabetic and antilipidemic effects of Bougainvillea glabra was investigated in this study using 25 male wistar rats. Antimicrobial activity was evaluated towards six food pathogenic strains of bacteria and fungi. Anti-diarrhoeal activity was tested in Castor oil induced diarrhea model using rats and Loperamide (3 mg/kg) was used as reference standard. vegetables and their antioxidant activity. Out of 18 species, most phytochemical, pharmacological, and toxicological studies focused on four species with different cultivars and one hybrid. Bauhinia divaricata and Bougainvillea spectabilis are medicinal plants widely distributed in Mexico and they are used because of its potential hypoglycemic action; however, no free radical scavenging activity (RSA) studies over these plants are known. Bougainvillea glabra is a woody and thorn-stemmed, evergreen vine with glossy, dark green leaves, tiny white flowers and glorious magenta floral bracts, the colours of which can be so strong they appear to vibrate. Bougainvillea glabra another Bougainvillea species apart from B. spectabilis on alloxan-induced Diabetes Mellitus based on the local uses of the plant for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Bougainvillea glabra, named after Louis de Bougainvillea, a French navigator who came across it in Brazil during the 18th century, it has gained popularity all over the world, due to its versatility, richness and suitability to thrive in degrading environmental conditions. How Bougainvillea Spectabilis is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Based on the results obtained, we can conclude that the pigeonpea leaf extracts may be valuable natural antioxidant sources and are potentially applicable in both medicine and the healthy food industry. Bougainvillea glabra (Choisy). This review discusses the current knowledge of the phytochemistry andin vitro andin vivo evaluations carried out using the extracts and, where appropriate, the main active components isolated from the genusBougainvillea. Several vegetables were selected to study their flavonoid contents and antioxidant activities. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. Lesser Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea glabra) has distinctly 5-angled (pentagonal) ... antihepatotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antihyperlipidemic, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antiulcer properties. Cuttings strike all year-round in the tropics, rooting in about four weeks. The results showed that both green and purple leaves of sweet potatoes (185.01 and 426.82 mg kg(-1) respectively) and the outer leaves of onion (264.03 mg kg(-1)) possessed higher amounts of flavonoids, and more than 85% of free radical scavenging activities were evaluated by using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), superoxide and hydroxyl radicals. In the beta-carotene-linoleic acid test, the inhibition ratio (%) of the ethyl acetate fraction (94.13%+/-3.41%) was found to be the highest, being almost equal to the inhibition capacity of the positive control BHT (93.89%+/-1.45%) at 4 mg/mL. Bougainvillea xbuttiana was identified from a voucher specimen (23683) in Herbarium HUMO, CIByC-UAEM. Review of the aforementioned book by Shuhui Yang. Bougainvillea glabra C., Eucalyptus globules Labill., and Gnaphalium attenuatum DC., as well as propolis, have been used in Mexican traditional medicine as a remedy to treat respiratory illnesses. Indian Journal of Phytopathology. Some plants are used for the treatment of various health disorders. Names of Bougainvillea Spectabilis in various languages of … Antioxidants, properties of Bougainvillea Glabra, which, an immensely showy, floriferous and hardy, America and it is popular plant in southern, California, Florida, the Caribbean and other, bracts the colourful bracts are in facts, spectablis were highly effective in reducing, evaluate the antioxidant activity of aq, Total phenolics and flavonoids extrac, antioxidant properties of herbs which will be helpful in the tre, plants or its constituents in pharmaceutical, Tropical Plant and Soil Sciences, published by, Bougainvillea spectabilis leaves. The nucleic acids, by contrast, are more complex and have three types of structural unit: purine and pyrimidine bases, pentose sugars and phosphate groups. Even though there are a number of antibacterial studies of . web interface by Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. 2.2. Bougainvillea (Bougenvillea glabra) has been believed by the people of Indonesia to have medicinal properties, but its potential as an antibacterial has never been studied in Indonesia. The results of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and the antioxidant content of fruit samples were 17.37 ± 2.71 mg/ml and 379.9 ± 28.28 mg ascorbic acid equivalent antioxidant content (AEAC) /100 g, respectively. Sagar Institutes of Science and Technology, Bougainvillea Genus: A Review on Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, and Toxicology, Phytopharmacology Profile of Bougainvillea glabra: An Overview, ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF IRANIAN BAEL (AEGLE MARMELOS) FRUIT AGAINST SOME FOOD PATHOGENS, Determination of Radical Scavenging Activity of Hydroalcoholic and Aqueous Extracts from Bauhinia divaricata and Bougainvillea spectabilis Using the DPPH Assay, Anti-diarrhoeal, anti ulcer and antimicrobial activities of leaves of Bougainvillea glabra Choisy, Antioxidant Activity and Total Phenolics in Selected Fruits, Vegetables, and Grain Products, Antioxidant Activities of Extracts and Main Components of Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] However in hydroxyl radical inhibition assay 1000 μg/ml extract showed only 11% inhibition with respect to the control. Total phenolics and flavonoids extracts were determined too. Bougainvillea glabra is a useful medicinal plant from Nyctaginaceae family finding applications in indigenous systems of medicine. The results were analysed statistically by regression method. us to the need to define the pharmacological properties of a plant material in time and space. Materials and Methods 2.1. Gen info - Native to South America, The first species recorded in the Philippines was Bougainvillea spectabilis.The other species, B. glabra and B. peruviana were introduced much later. ... A reduction in testosterone and oestrogen levels [21] as well as sperm count, viability, and motility [56] was observed in albino Swiss male and female mice orally treated with ethanol extract from B. spectabilis. In the DPPH system, the antioxidant activity of the ethanol extracts was superior to that of the aqueous extracts, with IC(50) values were 242.01 and 404.91 microg/mL, respectively. Indian Journal, characterization. The correlation between total phenolic content and anti-oxidant activity was determined to be R2= 0.9362. Plant Material and Extraction of Bougainvillea xbuttiana. Some plants are used for the treatment of various health disorders. Polysaccharides are similarly derived from the union of simple sugar units, such as glucose, joined through ether (—O—) links. The genus Bougainvillea, in the Nyctinaginacea family of plants, has 14 species (Wang, 2002). There are few biological reports of such material collected in Mexico, despite the high demand for them as raw material for popular and industrial uses. Antimicrobial activity of different solvent extracts of these plant leaves were tested against Gram positive and Gram negative bacterial strains by … © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. PubMed:Experimental effect of feeding on Ricinus communis and Bougainvillea glabra on the development of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Egypt. The plant specimens were collected from Cuernavaca (Morelos, Mexico). Rachh P R, Rachh M R, Modi D C, Shah, Chaires-Martinez L, Monary-Reyes E, Bautista-. These results clearly suggest that, the Aegle marmelos can rightly be mentioned as a medicinal food additives of considerable interest. Leaves, Flavonoid content of several vegetables and their antioxidant activity, Antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity of fruits of Ficus bengalensis linn, Screening of plant species for the presence of antiviral principles against okra yellow vein mosaic virus, Evaluation of anti-oxidant activity and determination of phenolic content of leaves extracts of Bougainvillea glabra 'Snow White', Island Dreams: Songs and Lullabies Carried on the Wind (review), Appropriation and Representation: Feng Menglong and the Chinese Vernacular Story (review). 2014;44(1):1-12. Total phenolic content (mg of gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/100 g decoction) was 336.1 ± 8.1. Alessandro Achillini (1443-1512) and His Doctrine of 'Universals' and 'Transcendentals': A Study in... Descartes and the Dutch: Early Reactions to Cartesian Philosophy, 1637-1650 (review). … It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. PubMed:The influence of 1-triacontanol on the growth, flowering, … [12, 13], and propolis [5,14], each one was based on only one methodology. The database and code is licensed under a Ethnopharmacological relevance: Bougainvillea glabra is widely used in Nigeria for the treatment of inflammatory-related conditions, and as remedy for pain ailments. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Bougainvillea Spectabilis. The antioxidant activities and total phenolics of 28 plant products, including sunflower seeds, flaxseeds, wheat germ, buckwheat, and several fruits, vegetables, and medicinal plants were determined. In the present study, fruit of Aegle marmelos was evaluated for its antimicrobial and antioxidant activity. The antiulcer activity was determined using alcohol induced ulcer model and Omeprazole 10 mg/ kg was used as the standard. According to modern-day investigations, what makes bougainvillea possess certain medicinal properties is the presence of a few substances in the plant. Bougainvillea glabra … In southern Australia, cuttings are best taken in summer. Bougainvillea glabra ‘Snow White’ is a cultivated variety of Bougainvillea glabra ‘Choicy’ which have white bracts with greenish veins. Plant Material Bougainvillea glabra leaves were collected from the University of Ilorin Botanical Garden. Cajaninstilbene acid (302.12 microg/mL) and orientin (316.21 microg/mL) showed more efficient radical-scavenging abilities than pinostrobin and vitexin. The organisms used were Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus and Proteus vulgaris and the zone of inhibition was determined. Out of 18 species, most phytochemical, pharmacological, and toxicological studies focused on four species with different cultivars and one hybrid. They tower over the flowers. Statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS statistical program with the significance level set at P<0.05. Bougainvillea glabra is an ornamental plant with several medicinal properties. Yosef S, Raymond L Jand Gunter C M (2001). Numerous phytochemical investigations of plants in this genus confirm the pre… Adebayo GI, Alabi OT, Owoyele BV, Soladoye AO (2009) Anti-diabetic properties of the aqueous leaf extract of Bougainvillea glabra (Glory of the Garden) on alloxan-induced diabetic rats. IC50 values were found to be 8.16, 14.81, 25.66 and 16.32 μg/ml respectively in DPPH, nitric oxide, superoxide and lipid peroxidation inhibition assays. Its small flowers (in the centre of the bracts) are white and its leaves are a moderately glossy mid to dark green. The leaves are employed by traditional healers for their anti-inflammatory properties. Blanching of green leaves of sweet potatoes for 30-60 s retained more flavonoids and higher free radical scavenging activities as compared to more than 1 min of blanching. Pinostrobin (>500 microg/mL) and vitexin (>500 microg/mL) showed insignificant antioxidant activities compared with cajaninstilbene (321.53 microg/mL) and orientin (444.61 microg/mL). In general, the ethyl acetate fraction of the ethanol extract showed greater activity than the main compounds in both systems, such results might be attributed to the synergistic effects of the components. However, mixed polymers are also known. In addition, green leaves of sweet potatoes and the outer leaves of onion showed higher reducing power and higher antioxidant activity in a Linoleic acid system as compared to cabbage, spinach, potato and crown daisy. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. J Pharm Biomed Anal. Bougainvillea glabra is an evergreen climbing plant with thorny stems, native to South America. Bougainvillea is a genus of thorny ornamental vines, bushes, or trees. Only two species and one hybrid of Bougainvillea are generally in cultivation in this country and B. glabra and the hybrid B. List of various diseases cured by Bougainvillea Spectabilis. an immensely showy, floriferous and hardy . cajaninstilbene acid (3-hydroxy-4-prenylmethoxystilbene-2-carboxylic acid), pinostrobin, vitexin and orientin, were examined by a DPPH radical-scavenging assay and a beta-carotene-linoleic acid test. The leaves of bougainvillea have anti-inflammatory properties. On the contrary, we are reporting the acti- Bougainvillea glabra (choisy): A comprehensive review on botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicity. Both the studies were carried out at two dose level, 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg respectively. The total phenolic content, determined according to the Folin−Ciocalteu method, varied from 169 to 10548 mg/100 g of dry product. aerial parts: A functional approach for bioactive compounds. It is an evergreen, climbing shrub with thick, thorny stems and drooping branches that are glabrous or sparsely hairy. Bougainvillea spectabilis contains pinitol, which has an insulin-like effect and has the potential for development as a treatment for diabetes. 1992. The leaf blade is ovate to ovate-lanceolate, pointed or briefly pointed, 5 to 13 centimeters long and 3 to 6 centimeters wide, sparsely fluffy hairy on the underside and bald on the top. Bougainvillea Glabra . Ken Fern, leaves, as well as petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water fractions and the four main compounds separated from the ethanol extract, i.e. Bauhinia divaricata stem aqueous extracts with total phenols content of 12.98 mg GAE/g DW had the highest amount between samples. Paperflower grows up to three to four meter tall, occasionally up to nine meters. Chemically, macromolecules consist of long chains of small structural units or ‘building blocks’, linked covalently in a number of different ways. The correlation coefficient between total phenolics and antioxidative activities was statistically significant. The phonolic content of leaves extracts was determined using Folin-coicalteau reagent.The anti-oxidant activity expressed as IC50 value and values of hydroalcoholic (50:50) and acetone extracts were 443.55 and 570.83 μg/ml respectively for DPPH free radical scavenging, 220.086 and 181.50 μg/ml respectively, for ABTS free radical scavenging and 155.96 and 173.83 181.50 μg/ml respectively for NBT superoxide scavenging activity. It can be used as a houseplant or hanging basket in cooler climates or bonsai. Total phenolic content was expressed as tannic acid equivalent and 1.437 and 1.284 mg/0.005 g of dried extract of hydroalcoholic (50:50) and acetone extract respectively. To southern Argentina help your work bougainvillea glabra properties in common with other plants in this country B.. An evergreen, climbing shrub with thorny stems, native to South.... For development as a houseplant or hanging basket in cooler climates or bonsai [ 12, 13 ] each. 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