In its early history Maryland was an agricultural colony, its main crop being tobacco. The Maryland Colony's original name was the Province of Maryland. 1634 - Leonard Calvert led English settlers to the new colony and founded the city of St. Mary's. It began as a proprietary colony of Lord Baltimore, who wanted to create a haven for English Catholics in the New World, and to demonstrate that Catholics and Protestants could live together harmoniously. Maryland was a proprietary colony, meaning that a proprietor—and individual who was granted the land from England—ruled the colony. Thirteen Colonies A Southern Colony The Province of Maryland was an English colony in North America that was founded in 1632. Upgrade to MrN 365 to access our entire library of incredible educational resources and teacher tools in an ad-free environment. Since their main reason of establishing the colony was for freedom to practice Catholicism, their religion was predominantly Catholic. Since there was no cars back then, people walked most of the time. Some were shipbuilders, fishermen, lumbering, shipping, and slave buyers. You have two groups of people who are both pulling on a rope, trying to pull the other side into a muddy pool of water. 1729 - The city of Baltimore is founded. Its first settlement and capital was St. Mary’s City, in the southern end of St. Mary’s County, which is a peninsula in the Chesapeake Bay and is also bordered by four tidal rivers. For Kids - Kids had to go to school in Colonial Times, but school was a bit different in each of the colonies. Though the colony was founded in 1634 by Cecillius Calvert, a Catholic, the turmoil between Protestants and Catholics escalated quickly. Kids would walk to school, and people would walk wherever they needed to go. The Maryland Colony Background. Maryland Colony Reading Passage and Critical Thinking Multiple Choice Questions (Printable) ... @ 2020 MrNussbaum.com is a copyright of the Nussbaum Education Network,LLC. Some men were hunters, traders, slave traders, and fur traders. Families helped to support the schools with firewood, money, food, produce, and fish. 1664 - A law is passed allowing slavery in Maryland. Maryland Colony was a British colony that existed from 1632 until 1776, when it joined the other twelve of the 13 original colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Maryland. The Maryland Colony was founded as a refuge for English Catholics. Everyone who lived in Maryland was from England, so they spoke English. The Maryland State Department of Education will remain vigilant in providing all information regarding the virus as it pertains to the health and safety of students and staff in our schools. But other farmers planted corn, indigo plants, and rice. Maryland Department of Health School Resources. The peope in the Maryland colony usually got around by walking, horseback, and riding in a carriage. … UPGRADE TO MRN365.COM. Services, in turn, supplanted manufacturing to become the dominant force in … 1695 - Annapolis is made the capital city. Although the charter had been originally issued to George Calvert, 1 st Baron Baltimore, he died before it was formally executed and his son Cecil Calvert, 2 nd Baron Baltimore was granted the charter. School Health Services Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Updated October 23, 2020. Many men of Maryland Colony are farmers and mostly they plant tobbaco. Manufacturing replaced agriculture as the dominant economic activity in the late 19th century. The dominant religion in early Maryland was Protestantism, with a minority group of Catholics who fled to the colony to escape religious persecution. 1632 - The royal charter for the colony of Maryland is granted to George Calvert. 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