The expert asked the government that should focus on new policy which should maintain satisfactory management for the regulation of the Pakistan’s fish industry for inland fisheries and coastal and deep water fisheries. Out of the 2,000 fishing trawlers, some 20-30 are now in the high seas. Marine pollution and use of harmful nets are increasing the woes, he added. The current information which focuses on modeling and technical work out in other countries to fishery management tools which is supposed to be a legal approach are not being used in the country. She blamed Prime Minister Imran Khan for “acting like a king” and selling out Pakistan’s poor. It contributes only 0.3 percent to overall Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 1.3 percent to agricultural GDP and less than 1 percent to national employment. Forestry: About 4% of land is covered with forests in Pakistan. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations says that marine fishing is a significant economic activity off the coasts of Sindh and Balochistan. The industry is dominated by carp, with small quantities of tilapia and trout. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations says that marine fishing is a significant economic activity off the coasts of Sindh and Balochistan. At WorldFish, we spend a lot of time thinking about how improving fisheries and aquaculture can reduce poverty and hunger. Fish is a source of cheap and valuable animal protein for the population, and the industry makes a major contribution to the economy of Pakistan as an earner of foreign exchange. In the 1980s it was judged that 550 shrimp trawlers would be sufficient to economically harvest the shrimp. It can also be the cause of strife and conflict, especially if … With a coastline of 814 km Pakistan has enough resources for that remains to fully development. Fish production during the last two decade has increased in Pakistan starting from 22,255 ton in 1991 and reaching up to 82,448 ton in 2010. Given low per capita consumption of fish at home, exports are an important component of Pakistan’s fisheries sector. Fishing is one of the oldest occupations for people who live near lakes, rivers and seas; with the progress of civilization, fishing communities started breeding fishes on farms this is also known asaq ua culture. Pakistan is currently dependent on the arrival of boats and trawlers which are returning to the harbor.  Healthier food for people i.e. Aquaculture is largely concentrated in Punjab, Sindh, and to a lesser extent in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Baluchistan has established fishing industry extensively; most of the fish catch either exports or supplies to Karachi. There are a large number of fishermen’s villages all along Pakistan’s coast line where fishing is primary source of earnings for centuries. The contribution of aquaculture is too meager as compared to fisheries. Flake ice plants on harbours. During1999-2002, SMEDA worked for the uplift of the fishing industry through a number of measures. Prices tend to decline when the fish is more than 3 kg; other factors include freshness of the fish and the supply demand situation in the market. The fisheries sector in Pakistan offers direct employment to over one million people, most of which work as fishermen. Imports of fish are negligible, whilst the value of exports of fishery products was about USD 196 million in 2006. 4. Both the fish commodities, dried, salted or smoked and frozen excluding fillets and meat, also have increased in their production; however the production of latter commodity surpassed during the last five years. These new modeling tools and technical innovation is required to be implemented in the country. “Our prices show that we export more fish meal and our prices are lower than quality fish meal price, which fetches $3/kg.” Other buyers include Hong Kong, Indonesia, Egypt, Middle East, UK, Thailand, South Korea, Bangladesh etc. Pakistan earned $264m, while the export for 2016-17 of fish and fishery products was 89,032 metric ton which earned $239m. What is more, the government is considering a bit more attention towards the fisheries sector by investing substantial amount [22]. Diversification, which includes aquaculture, which can be considered to be the single most promising source of farm poverty reduction in the coming years in Pakistan. A high proportion of those employed are women working in shrimp processing plants sorting and peeling. Fish landing has fallen by 20-25 percent from October till date, Mr Abidi claimed. Pakistan’s major buyers are China, Thailand, Malaysia, Middle East, Sri Lanka and Japan. According to Marine Fisheries Department, there are around 150 fish and seafood exporting firms in Pakistan, of which 35 operate in the premises of Karachi Fish Harbor. The marketing chain for fish is similar to that for other agricultural commodities. © Copyright 2020 The Financial Daily International. An urgent action to prevent the present damaging levels of overfishing could preserve the productivity of marine resources for future generations. Given low per capita consumption of fish at home, exports are an important component of Pakistan’s fisheries sector. Human resource development … Still have questions? The rest of the catch was used for other purposes, especially reduction to fishmeal. Country’s fish exports plunged to 28,185 ton ($67 million) versus 29,544 ton valuing $76m in same period last fiscal. Imports of fish are negligible, whilst the value of exports of fishery products was about USD 196 million in 2006. The report suggests that Pakistan needs a review of fisheries legislation to inform the legislative and regulatory changes necessary to ensure sustainability. The World Bank report Revitalizing Pakistan’s Fisheries says that the European Union countries, Japan, and the United States are the world’s biggest export markets for seafood, yet at present, they account for less than 3 percent of Pakistan’s fisheries export earnings about $9.3m annually. Despite good agro-climatic conditions, Pakistan lags its neighbors in aqua-culture production: Bangladesh and India are among the world’s top-five aquaculture-producing countries, while (i) Give two reasons why this site was chosen for a new port. A Developing inland fish farming has greater benefits for the people and economy and is more sustainable. If there is any irregularity to manage fish resources and their management, Government has been enforced to mediate, rightly or wrongly, to fill this space. Aquaculture should not be viewed as separate technology in Agriculture sector but should be considered as one part of agricultural activities. Higher temperatures are reducing river flows, further damaging habitat quality in the delta. Pakistan Fish Exports Up 27.94 Percent, Netting $451.026 Million in FY18 Both the recipient and the donor can benefit in numerous ways. Imports are a relatively small but growing component of the Pakistan fisheries sector. Also, harvested fish contributes to employment creation in food processing industries, transport sector and restaurants. Products are sold into the market to wholesalers and then onto retailers and end consumers through agents working on a commission basis. The coastal belt is characterized by a meshwork of estuaries and creeks with mangrove forestry that serve as nursery grounds for species of finfish and shellfish. Lack of industry therefore no jobs [3] (c) Port Qasim is located 20 kilometers south-east of city A. First, imposing catch limits that reduce over-fishing would go a long way to ensuring the health of vulnerable species and the marine environment. An expert on fisheries sector and environment, Omar Hayat said that during this period highest production, 93,820 ton, was observed in 1994. This difference is reflected in both wholesale and retail prices, where fresh water fish is sold at a higher price than marine fish. With reference to Fig. developing countries such as Ecuador, Indo-nesia, India, Vietnam and Taiwan. kms. Up-gradation of fishing vessels to control post harvest losses. Pakistan with a coast line of 814 km still has many fish species which are not used to promote fish industry at national and international market. Increased intrusion of saline water in the Indus Delta is already harming fish breeding grounds. Omar Hayat, who is served as Director Fisheries, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa termed poverty a highly complex phenomenon, which cannot be understood in purely sectorial terms. Answer (1 of 7): The main problems the fishing industry is facing in Pakistan are:1: Water PollutionPollution on the Coast of Pakistan is mostly limited to the Karachi area. The fishing industry of Pakistan has the potential for further developments. Out of total The agriculture with aquaculture needs: intensification, diversification, increased asset base, increased off farm income, and exit from agriculture. The export of fish and fishery products has increased by 21.6 percent in quantity and 10.5 percent in value during 2017 to 18. Pakistan now has more than 29,000 marine fishing vessels in total. The advantages and disadvantages of foreign aid show us that it is an ethical and moral action that offers many positive outcomes. It’s easy to forget just how environmentally friendly wild capture fisheries are as a means for providing food. In the non-mechanical category there are dried fish, dried shrimp, shark fin, fish maw/stomach, live lobster, live crab and fish roes/ovaries. Public sector organizations need to move from being doers with a central role in the industry, to facilitators helping modernize a demand led food system. Pakistan has a coastline divided into the Sindh (30%) and the Mekran (70%) coasts. resources in Pakistan. Otherwise none of the boat owners are going for fresh catch, said President Pakistan Fisheries Exporters Association (PFEA), Syed Akhlaq Hussain Abidi. It is recommended that policy and regulatory steps be taken to reduce the fleet size overall to less than 6,000 vessels and the trawler fleet should be specifically limited to less than 600 out of the total, recommended the project findings. Exports may increase in the next few years due to the establishment of a new land trading route from Gwadar to Guangdong, China. This need for Pakistani fish has boosted fishing industry. Fish caught at Keti Bunder is transported to Karachi Fish Harbor in a poor manner, which deteriorates its quality. Local consumers generally prefer freshwater fish over marine fish because of their familiarity with river and inland farmed fish, as well as the fresh condition of the product. Fisheries currently contribute only 0.4 percent to the GDP, and the sector’s approximately $350 million of exports appears to be at a standstill. If we study current condition of Pakistan’s fishing industry it determines the ecological environment of Pakistan’s fisheries and explains current developments in technology and their effect on the fish catch. The potential of only one type of fish i.e. The time is right for Pakistan to launch the revolution suggests the World Bank, stating that such blue growth prioritizes the sustainable management of natural aquatic resources in the delivery of economic and social benefits. In the world, and hence in Pakistan, fish is considered a cheap source of protein diet. Comparisons to other countries in the region suggest that Pakistan is failing to fully realize the potential of its capture. Billions of people are depending on the scarce marine resources, they are depending on the fishermen and the fish that they bring home. Later, the fleet expanded and is now mostly mechanized. We focus our research on how fishing and aquaculture can increase incomes and improve rural economies and … Management planning holds goals and policy objectives and the expansion of strategies to attain policy targets. Similar is the position of warm water fisheries potential of production throughout Pakistan which can also provide off farm employment and income for the rural population as well as export earnings for the country. Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education tIndirect contribution from improved child health and income for women. 725,000 ton-730,000 ton. Capt Akhlaque, whose factory is the only one exporting seafood to EU, said, We are not in a bargaining position. The annual per capita fish consumption in Pakistan was about 2.0 kg in 2006. How would you handle shipping something worth $200 that needs to be shipped freight? 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